'There is no moral justification for a lack of housing'

Many vulnerable sectors of Irish society have been let down, Bishop Buckley warns & urges voters to quiz election candidates on 8th Amendment.

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Trócaire launches 43rd Lenten campaign

“This year’s Trócaire box is a recognition of ordinary people who are doing extraordinary things in the pursuit of justice and a fairer world.”

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New prayer for those hoping to meet a soulmate

“The release of this new prayer aims to remind everyone that God has a loving plan for each one of us and that there is always reason to be hope-filled.”

Pope and Patriarch hold historic meeting in Cuba

Joint declaration pleads on behalf of world's persecuted Christians especially in the Middle East where families, villages and cities are being exterminated.

Planning board says Irish Catholic sign will stay

Sign is "quite iconic" and "something of a landmark in that part of Dublin" according to Irish Catholic editor, Michael Kelly.

First ecumenical Ash Wednesday service at DCU

The imposition of ashes on our foreheads was living out the life of baptism in the public space and the public square - Archbishop Michael Jackson.

Thought for today Saint of the day Today's Readings Sunday's Readings
Thought for today

Lent is a good time to begin again.


In today’s Gospel, we read about the temptation of Jesus in the desert. In this extract, Jesus is being enticed to a life of success and power, whereas the path He had chosen was one of solidarity with the poor, a path full of suffering and pain, and ultimately the cross. Jesus was single-minded and stuck to His chosen path. He did not allow himself to be deflected from the plan laid out for Him.

Jesus came for a purpose – He said that “I have come so that you might have life and have it to the full.” We were to have this life in this world by following His example, and in the next through the suffering and death of Our Lord.

We think we are free, but are we? We frustrate Jesus’ plan for us by our waywardness. Lent is a good time to begin again.
Deirdre Powell

Source: by Fr. Martin Tierney (adapted).
Saint of the day

Feb 14 - St Valentine (d. 269)

Vals shrineThere is a beautiful shrine to St Valentine in the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Whitfriar Street, Dublin, where his relics are also kept. Patrick Duffy tells about the celebration of his feast and two stories about the saint.

How many Valentines?
At least three different Saint Valentines, all of them martyrs, are mentioned in the early martyrologies under date of 14th February. One is described as a priest at Rome, another as bishop of Interamna (modern Terni);  both seem to have suffered in the second half of the third century and to have been buried on the Via Flaminia, but at different distances from the city. Of the third Saint Valentine, who suffered and died in Africa with a number of companions, nothing further is known.

A man of faith, passion and bravery and loyalty to his word.

Celebration of the feast
It may be that the cult of the two Italian Valentines – one based in Rome, the other in Terni – became confused. Both are listed on 14th February in the the current Roman Martyrology (2004 - the Catholic Church's official list of saints), but in the revised General Calendar for universal liturgical celebration (1969) the celebration was removed, possibly because of a lack of accurate historical information; it is probably seen as belonging more to the realm of popular piety than liturgical celebration. However, St Valentine is celebrated liturgically as a simple feast by Traditional Roman Catholics who use the Roman Missal (Tridentine Rite) of Pope John XXIII (1962).

A feast for lovers
The popular customs associated with Saint Valentine's Day as a feast for lovers - sending flowers, tokens of love and Valentine cards - may have come from the belief that on 14th February, that is, half way through the second month of the year, the birds began to pair. In Chaucer's Parliament of Foules we read:

For this was sent on Seynt Valentyne's day
Whan every foul cometh ther to choose his mate.

Relics at the Carmelite Church in Whitefriar St, Dublin 
Relics of St Valentine are venerated in the Carmelite Church in Whitefriar St in Dublin. The history given is that in 1835 Fr John Spratt, the then Prior of the Carmelite Church in Whitefriar St, Dublin, on a visit to Rome received the relics of St Valentine martyr from Pope Gregory XVI (1835) and installed them in his church, where they became an object of great devotion. The website of the Irish Carmelites tells two stories about Valentine which give some indication why this devotion developed.

1. Why St Valentine is patron of lovers
The first story locates the story of Valentine's patronage of lovers in a tradition of ancient Rome. 14th February was a holiday to honour Juno - the Queen of the Roman Gods and Goddesses. The Romans also knew her as the Goddess of women and marriage. The following day, February 15th, began the Feast of Lupercalia, an early form of Carnivale or Mardi Gras.

loveAlthough in ancient Rome the lives of young boys and girls were strictly separate, one of the customs associated with the eve of the festival of Lupercalia was name drawing: the names of Roman girls were written on slips of paper and placed into jars. Each young man would draw a girl’s name from the jar and they would then be partners for the duration of the festival. Sometimes the pairing of the children lasted an entire year, and often, they would fall in love and would later marry.

Under the rule of Emperor Claudius II (268-270 AD), Rome was involved in many bloody and unpopular military campaigns. Claudius was having a difficult time getting soldiers to go to the army. He believed the reason was that Roman men did not want to leave their loves or their families. As a result, Claudius cancelled all marriages and engagements in Rome. But Valentine was a priest who would secretly marry any couples who came to him. For this he was taken captive and brought before the Prefect of Rome, who condemned him to be beaten to death with clubs and to have his head cut off. He suffered martyrdom on the 14th February, in either 269 or 270.

2. Valentine's power of healing and the origin of Valentine cards
Another story about St Valentine may explain the origin of the custom of giving flowers and a card on St Valentine's Day. One day the emperor's jailer came to Valentine's house clutching his little blind daughter in his arms. He had heard that Valentine had healing powers and begged him to treat his daughter's blindness. She had been blind since birth. Valentine knew that her condition would be difficult to cure but he said he would do his best. After examining the little girl, he gave her father some ointment for the girl's eyes and asked him to bring her back again.

The father, seeing Valentine was a man of learning, asked whether his daughter, called Julia, could also be brought to Valentine for lessons. Valentine told the girl stories of Rome’s history and described the world of nature. He taught her arithmetic and told her about God. She began to see the world through his eyes, trusting in his wisdom and finding comfort in his strength. One day she asked if God really existed and Valentine assured her that He did. She went on to tell him how she prayed morning and night that she might be able to see and Valentine told her that whatever happened would be God’s will and would be for the best. They sat and prayed together for a while. The girl’s sight was not restored, but the prison guard and his daughter never wavered in their faith and kept coming back each week. But one day, Valentine was arrested by Roman soldiers who destroyed his medicines. When the little girl’s father learned of his arrest and imprisonment, he wanted to intervene but there was nothing he could do.

Knowing his execution was imminent, Valentine asked the jailer for a paper, pen and ink. He quickly jotted a farewell note and handed it to the jailer to give to his blind daughter. He urged her to stay close to God, and he signed it: "From Your Valentine". Next day he was put to death.

When the jailer went home and met his little girl, she opened the note and found a yellow crocus inside. The message said: "From your Valentine". As the little girl looked down upon the crocus that spilled into her palm she saw brilliant colours for the first time in her life! The girl’s eyesight had been restored.

It is said that Julia herself planted a pink-blossomed almond tree near his grave. Today, the almond tree remains a symbol of abiding love and friendship.

[caption id="attachment_76995" align="aligncenter" width="419"]... a small glass box containing a beflowered skull that held all the thoughts of St. Valentine himself, if you believe the label affixed to its forehead. ... a small glass box containing a beflowered skull that held all the thoughts of St. Valentine himself - if you believe the label affixed to its forehead![/caption]

Feb 14 - Ss Cyril and Methodius (2) - Patrons of Europe

Ss C&MFr John Murray PP tells the story of the two Greek monks who became evangelisers of the Slavic people and how Pope John Paul II made them co-patrons of Europe with St Benedict.

From the very beginning of his pontificate, Pope John Paul II frequently spoke of Europe as 'breathing with two lungs'. In that first decade from his election in 1978, Europe was still divided and people in the west had forgotten about the countries behind the 'Iron Curtain' as belonging to Europe.

Saint Benedict's place as patron of Europe was never in question. So it must have given the Pope, the 'man from a far country', great pride to declare two co-patrons of Europe on 31 December 1980.

Tradition tells us that the two brothers, Methodius and Constantine (he did not take the name Cyril until just before his death), grew up in Thessaloniki (Greece) as sons of a prominent Christian family. We know that Constantine was born in 827. Both were highly intelligent men and while Methodius became an important civil official, his brother became a scholar and professor in the great city of Constantinople.

Because many Slays came to live in their area of Greece, the brothers had become proficient in the Slavic languages. Their first missionary journey was into Ukraine. Later Rastislav, a prince in Moravia (modern-day Czech Republic), invited them into his territory. The motive was not entirely spiritual; the prince was struggling for independence from German influence. He felt that Christian missionaries from the east, replacing the German missionaries, would help him to consolidate power in his own country, especially if they spoke the Slavonic language. Before they even left on their mission, Constantine constructed a script for Slavonic, a script which became the basis of the Cyrillic alphabet named after him.

The brothers were keen to help and were firm believers in translating the liturgy into the local language, whereas the custom in the west was to use Greek or Latin (as it was until Vatican II). When the brothers appealed to Rome - in the issue of having some Slavic candidates ordained for the priesthood - , the Pope - with his own reasons too - approved the use of Slavonic in services and ordained the men Methodius and Constantine had forwarded. The brothers also translated the New Testament and the Psalms into the Slavonic language.

Sadly, Constantine would never return to Moravia, and he died in Rome where he had assumed the monastic habit and taken on the name by which history remembers him. There is also an Irish slant to Cyril's story. Cyril had laboured hard during his lifetime to return the relics of Saint Clement (the fourth bishop of Rome) to the city and this he did in 867. The martyred Pope was interred in the church of his name on the street which runs from the Colosseum to St. John Lateran Basilica. Cyril died not long afterwards (14 February 869) and was buried also in the same church.

[caption id="attachment_91801" align="aligncenter" width="309"]Sam Clememte holds to tombs of St Cyril and Methodius San Clemente Basilica in Rome holds the tombs of Ss Cyril and Methodius in an underground Basilica.[/caption]


Ironically the tomb of Cyril was somehow 'lost' when the 12th century basilica was later built on top of the 4th century one. It wasn't until Fr. Joseph Mullooly, the Irish Dominican prior of St. Clement's, did some excavations in 1868-70 that the tomb of the Slav saint - as well as the 4th century church and 1st century buildings - was rediscovered. In 2007 the Irish Post Office honoured Fr. Mullooly, featuring him on a number of stamps.

Methodius meanwhile was grief-stricken with the death of his brother and he too, wanted to retire to a monastery but his brother's dying wish was that he should return to his missionary endeavours. Cyril had said to him, 'Listen, my brother, we have shared the same destiny, ploughing the same furrow... I know your love for your mountain (monastery) but do not for the sake of the mountain give up your work of teaching.'

Methodius continued to spread the gospel to other regions of Eastern Europe and seminaries were founded in Bulgaria and what is modern-day Belarus and Ukraine. Methodius himself was ordained as archbishop of Pannonia (modern Hungary) and became Papal legate for the Slavic peoples. However his life was not without difficulty, even to the point of spending two years in prison, only being set free by the personal intervention of Pope John VII. The work of inculcating the scriptures and the liturgy into the language of the people he served was continually being regarded with suspicion. In latter years he also translated further books of the Bible into the languages he and his brother loved so much.

In his encyclical, Slavorum Apostoli ('the Apostles of the Slavs', June 1985) Pope John Paul II spoke of the brothers as ideal examples of the true missionary spirit - faithful to the traditions which had formed them and yet endeavouring to understand the peoples to whom they were sent. They had endeavoured successfully to create an alphabet and a literature for the languages which they encountered. Yet constantly they submitted their work to the judgement of the Apostolic See which they saw as the visible sign of the Church's unity. The prayer of Jesus, 'that they may be one', was indeed their motto.

Pope John Paul II concluded his encyclical with a beautiful prayer: 'Great God, One in Trinity, I entrust to you the heritage of the faith of the Slav nations. Preserve and bless this work of yours! Grant to the whole of Europe, O most Holy Trinity - through the intercession of the two holy brothers - to feel the need for religious and Christian unity and for a communion of all its peoples. The Pope of Slav origin thanks you for calling the Slav nations into the communion of the faith. May it never fail!'

The feast of Cyril and Methodius, co-patrons of Europe with Benedict, is celebrated each year on 14 February.

This article first appeared in The Messenger (February 2008), a publication of the Irish Jesuits.

Feb 14 - Saints Cyril (1) (d 869) and Methodius (d. 885)

cyril and methodiousThese two brothers from Thessalonica in Greece became apostles of the Slavs, translated the Scriptures and indigenised the liturgy for the Slav people. In 1980 they were named by Pope John Paul II along with St Benedict as co-patrons of Europe. Slavic peoples celebrate these two saints with a national holiday. Patrick Duffy tells their story.

Evangelisers of the Slavs
Cyril (827-869) and Methodius (825-885) were the evangelisers of the Slavs. They translated the Bible into the Old Church Slavic language and, against all the odds, created an indigenous Slavic liturgy.  They invented an alphabet (first called Glagolitic and later, after some modifications, Cyrillic) that is today used for Russian, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, and Serbian. Pope John Paul II considered these two saints such pillars of civilisation that in 1980 he proclaimed them “co-patrons of Europe” along with St Benedict and five years later wrote an encyclical letter Slavorum Apostoli commemorating their work. In hindsight after the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe, we can now appreciate the prophetic nature of his action.

Administrators and linguists
cyril 2Born in Thessaloniki of a Greek military-officer father and a Slavic mother, the brother's upbringing was multi-cultural. As their father died young, their uncle Theoctistes, who was responsible for the postal services and the diplomatic relations of the Byzantine empire, brought them to Constantinople. Cyril studied philosophy and theology at the university under Photius who later became Patriarch of Constantinople, while Methodius was placed as a commander of a Slavic administrative region of the empire. Both were gifted scholars and linguists.

After his education Cyril was ordained and became a monk. Soon he was teaching philosophy and theology and held the important position of chartophylax (keeper of the archives) and secretary to the patriarch. The fact that he was both a linguist, having learned Arabic and Hebrew, and a theologian led to his being sent first on a diplomatic mission to discuss the Trinity with Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad and later on a missionary expedition to the Khazars in the Crimea.

Meanwhile Methodius had moved through the administrative and political ranks of the Byzantine empire to become a monastic abbot.

Missionaries and inculturation conflict
In 862 the Emperor Michael III (842-867) and the Patriarch Photius received a request from Prince Rastislav of Greater Moravia (a territory that covers present day Czech Republic, Slovakia and parts of Hungary) to send missionaries to evangelise his Slavic people. Rastislav had already had some intrusion from German missionaries and was anxious for support from Constantinople to keep his kingdom independent. He also wanted a teacher who could instruct his people and celebrate the liturgy in the Slavonic language. The brothers Cyril and Methodius were entrusted with the task.

cyril 3They began their preparation by training assistants and translating the bible into the language that is now known as Old Church Slavonic. They then travelled to Greater Moravia to promote it, but came into conflict with German clerics (Archbishop Theotmar of Salzburg and Passau) firstly because they came from Constantinople which had a reputation for schism but also because of their efforts to create a Slavic liturgy.

Journey to Rome
As a result of this conflict, Pope Nicholas I (858-867) invited the brothers to Rome but he died before they arrived. His successor Adrian II (867-872) warmly received them and approved their project of a Slavic liturgy in Moravia. Pope Adrian also decided to ordain Cyril and Methodius bishops, but Cyril died in Rome on 4th February, 869 and did not return to Moravia.

Cyril buried at San Clemente
tombIn the lower Basilica under San Clemente on Via Labicana Rome, which is cared for by the Irish Dominicans, there is a chapel to Cyril and Methodius and in the 4th century basilica underneath there is an altar to St Cyril under which it is possible that his relics lie.  (A legend tells that Saint Clement had been exiled to the Crimea by the emperor Trajan and was drowned there tied to an anchor, that Cyril found his relics there while on his way to evangelise the Khazars, kept them and brought them to Rome to ensure a good reception for himself and that Pope Adrian II placed them in the high altar. Unlikely, but there!)

Second mission and more conflict
Pope Adrian II set up an archdiocese of Moravia ( = Czech Republic and Slovakia) and Pannonia (= Eastern Austria through Western Hungary to the River Danube) at the request of the Moravian princes, Rastislav and Svatopluk, and the Slav Prince Kocel of Pannonia and appointed Methodius archbishop. In 870 King Louis and the German bishops summoned Methodius to a synod at Ratisbon in Germany where he was deposed and imprisoned for three years. The next pope, John VIII (872-882), sent a personal representative to demand his liberation. He was immediately released and reinstated and continued to spread the faith among the Bohemians and the Poles in Northern Moravia.

Soon, however, he was called to Rome again to answer allegations of unorthodoxy brought against him by a German priest, Wiching.  Again, he was vindicated and the Slavonic liturgy approved, but with a new requirement that at Mass the Gospel should be read, first in Latin, and then in Slavonic.

Wiching, in the meantime, had been nominated as one of the suffragan bishops of Methodius and continued to oppose his metropolitan. Methodius then returned to Constantinople where, with the help of several priests, he completed the translation of the Bible into Slavonic. Worn out by his long struggle and with no let-up in the antagonism of his opponents, he died on 6th April, 885.

Subsequent and present day influence
Methodius's influence in Moravia was wiped out after his death but was carried on to Bulgaria, Serbia, and Russia, where the southern Slavonic language of Cyril and Methodius is still the liturgical language of both the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches. The Cyrillic alphabet used in those countries today, traditionally ascribed to St. Cyril, was probably the work of his followers. It was based on the Glagolithic alphabet used by Cyril himself and still used by certain Croatian and Montenegrin Catholics.

Both brothers were canonised in Eastern Orthodoxy as “equal-to-apostles” and were included in the universal Roman Catholic Church Calendar by Pope Leo XIII in 1880.

A national holiday in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Bulgaria and Macedonia
In the Czech Republic and in Slovakia today, 5th July is believed to be the date of the arrival of the two brothers to Greater Moravia in 863 and is kept as Saints Cyril and Methodius Day - a national holiday. In Bulgaria Cyril and Methodius Day is on 24th May. It is a national holiday celebrating Bulgarian culture and the invention of the Slavic alphabet. This date is also a national holiday in the Republic of Macedonia and is known as the day of "Salonica Brothers" (in Macedonian: Solunski braka) from their place of origin.

Patrons of indigenisation of the Christian message and liturgy
Since their inculturation of Christianity was so successful in Eastern Europe and they were well received in Rome, it is easy to see how they have become not just pillars of European solidarity, but also patrons of indigenisation of the Christian message and liturgy in all the cultures to which it is brought.

Ss Cyril and methodius 1
Today's Readings

First Reading                      Deuteronomy 26: 4-10
The creed of the chosen people.

Moses said to the people: 'The priest shall then take the pannier from your hand and lay it before the altar of Yahweh your God. Then, in the sight of the Lord your God, you must make this pronouncement:
"My father was a wandering Aramaean.
He went down into Egypt to find refuge there, few in numbers; but there he became a nation, great, mighty, and strong.
The Egyptians ill-treated us, they gave us no peace and inflicted harsh slavery on us.
But we called on the Lord the God of our fathers.
The Lord heard our voice and saw our misery, our toil and our oppression;
and the Lord brought us out of Egypt with mighty hand and outstretched arm, with great terror, and with signs and wonders.
He brought us here and gave us this land, a land where milk and honey flow.
Here then I bring the first-fruits of the produce of the soil that you, the Lord, have given me."
'You must then lay them before the Lord your God, and bow down in the sight of the Lord your God.'

Responsorial Psalm:           Ps 90
Response:                            Be with me, O Lord, in my distress.

1. He who dwells in the shelter of the Most High
and abides in the shade of the Almighty
says to the Lord: 'My refuge,
my stronghold,.my God in whom I trust!'          Response

2. Upon you no evil shall fall,
no plague approach where you dwell.
For you has he commanded his angels,
to keep you in all your ways.                             Response

3. They shall bear you upon their hands
lest you strike your foot against a stone.
On the lion and the viper you will tread
and trample the young lion and the dragon.      Response

4. His love he set on me, so 1 will rescue him
protect him for he knows my name.
When he calls 1 shall answer: 'I am with you.'
I will save him in distress and give him glory.   Response

Second Reading                  Romans 10: 8-13
The creed of the Christian.

Scripture says: The word, that is the faith we proclaim, is very near to you, it is on your lips and in your heart. If your lips confess that Jesus is Lord and if you believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, then you will be saved. By believing from the heart you are made righteous; by confessing with your lips you are saved. When scripture says: those who believe in him will have no cause for shame, it makes no distinction between Jew and Greek: all belong to the same Lord who is rich enough, however many ask his help, for everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.

Gospel  Acclamation          Mt 4:4

Praise to you, O Christ, King of eternal glory!
Man does not live on bread alone
but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.
Praise to you, O Christ, King of eternal glory!

Gospel                               Luke 4:1-13
Jesus was led by the Spirit through the wilderness, being tempted there.

Filled with the Holy Spirit, Jesus left the Jordan and was led by the Spirit through the wilderness, being tempted there by the devil for forty days. During that time he ate nothing and at the end he was hungry. Then the devil said to him, 'If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to turn into a loaf.' But Jesus replied, 'Scripture says: Man does not live on bread alone.'

Then leading him to a height, the devil showed him in a moment of time all the kingdoms of the world and said to him, 'I will give you all this power and the glory of these kingdoms, for it has been committed to me and I give it to anyone I choose. Worship me, then, and it shall all be yours.' But Jesus answered him, 'Scripture says: You must worship the Lord your God, and serve him alone.'

Then he led him to Jerusalem and made him stand on the parapet of the Temple. 'If you are the Son of God,' he said to him 'throw yourself down from here, for scripture says: "He will put his angels in charge of you to guard you," and again, "They will hold you up on their hands in case you hurt your foot against a stone.'"

But Jesus answered him, 'It has been said: You must not put the Lord your God to the test.' Having exhausted all these ways of tempting him, the devil left him, to return at the appointed time.

Taken from THE JERUSALEM BIBLE, published and copyright 1966, 1967 and 1968 by Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd and Doubleday, a division of Random House Inc, and used by permission of the publishers.
AN CHÉAD LÉACHT:          Deotranaimí 26: 4-10
Deoraí Aramaeigh a ba ea m’athair.

Labhair Maois leis an bpobal á rá: Tógadh an sagart ansin an cliabh ó do láimh agus leagadh sé é os comhair altóir an Tiarna do Dhia. Ansin, i bhfianaise an Tiarna do Dhia, déan an dearbhú seo leanas:

‘Deoraí Aramaeigh a ba ea m’athair. D’imigh sé leis ó dheas chun na hÉigipte ar bheagán slua, agus chuir faoi inti; ach rinne náisiún mór cumasach líonmhar ansiúd de. Chráigh na hÉigiptigh sinn; chiapadar sinn agus chuireadar faoi dhaoirse dhian sinn. Ach ghlaomar chun an Tiarna, Dia ár n-aithreacha, agus chuala an Tiarna ár nglao agus chonaic ár n-ainnise, ár saothar, agus an leatrom orainn; agus thug an Tiarna as an Éigipt amach sinn lena láimh thréan agus lena ghéag ar tinneall, le huafás mór, le comharthaí, agus le hiontais. Thug sé anseo isteach sinn, agus thug an tír seo dúinn, tír ina bhfuil bainne agus mil ina slaoda. Seo anois mé le céadtorthaí fómhar na hithreach a bhronn tusa, a Thiarna, orm.’

Leag i láthair an Tiarna ansin iad agus sléacht go talamh i láthair an Tiarna do Dhia.

SALM LE FREAGRA.          Sm 90
Freagra:                                 Bí liom, a Thiarna, in am na trioblóide.

I. Túsa a chónaíonn faoi dhídean an Té is Airde,
a lonnaíonn faoi scáth an Uilechumhachtaigh,
tig leat a rá leis an Tiarna: 'Is tú mo thearmann
is mo dhún; mo Dhia thú, ina bhfuil mo mhuinín.'   Freagra

2. Ní thiocfaidh an t-olc in aice leat
ná an phlá i ngar do do phuball;
cuirfidh sé thú faoi churam a chuid Aingeal
chun tú a chosaint i do shlite go léir.                          Freagra

3. Déanfaidh siad thú a iompar ina lámha
chun nach mbuailfeá do chos i gcoinne cloiche.
Siúlfaidh tú ar an leon is ar an nathair;
gabhfaidh tú de chosa sa leon óg is sa dragún.         Freagra

4. Saorfaidh mé é mar go gcloíonn sé liom,
cosnóidh mé é mar go n-aithníonn sé m'ainm;
éistfidh mé leis nuair a ghlaonn sé orm,
beidh mé ina fhochair in am na trioblóide.              Freagra

AN DARA LÉACT :               Rómhánaigh 10:8-13
Gach aon duine a chreideann Íosa ní bheidh díomá air.

A bhráithe, deir an Scrioptúr: “Tá an briathar i ngar duit, i do bhéal agus i do chroí” (is é sin le rá briathar an chreidimh atáimidne a fhógairt).  Mar má adhmhaíonn tú ó do bhéal gurb é Íosa an Tiarna agus má chreideann tú ó do chroí gur thóg Dia ó mbairbh é, slánófar thú. Is sa chroí a bhíonn an creideamh a fhíréanaíonn agus sa bhéal a bhíonn an admháil a shlánaíonn. Agus deir an scrioptúr: “Gach aon duine a chreideann ann ní bheidh díomá air.” Mar níl aon dealú idir Giúdach agus Gréagach mar is é an t-aon Tiarna amháin atá orthu go léir agus caitheann sé go flaithiúil lena nglaonn air, “mar gach aon duine a ghlaofaidh ar ainm an Tiarna, slánófar é.”

Véarsa                       Mth4: 4

Ní ar arán amháin a mhairfidh an duine,
ach ar an uile fhocal a thagann as béal Dé.

AN tSOISCÉAL:                     Lúcás 4: 1-13
Íosa, seoladh faoi luím an Spioraid san fhásach é go ceann daichead lá, á phromhadh

San am sin tháinig Íosa, agus é lán den Spioraid Naomh, ar ais ón Iordáin, agus seoladh faoi luím an Spioraid san fhásach é go ceann daichead lá, á phromhadh ag an diabhal. Agus níor ith sé aon ní sna laethanta sin, agus nuair a bhí siad caite bhí ocras air.Dúirt an diabhal leis: “Más tú Mac Dé, abair leis an gcloch seo arán a dhéanamh di.” Agus d’fhreagair Íosa é: “Tá scríofa: ‘Ní ar arán amháin a mhairfidh an duine.’”

Agus tar éis do é a sheoladh suas ar ard, thaispeáin sé dó ríochtaí uile na cruinne i nóiméad aimsire; agus dúirt an diabhal leis: “Tabharfaidh mé duit an forlámhas seo uile agus a nglóir siúd, óir is ar mo láimh a tugadh é, agus tugaim dó cibé is áil liom é. Dá bhrí sin, má dhéanann tusa adhradh i mo láthair, is leat é uile.” Dúirt Íosa leis á fhreagairt: “Tá scríofa: ‘Adharfaidh tú an Tiarna do Dhia, agus is dó amháin a bheidh tú ag seirbhís.’”

Ansin sheol sé go Iarúsailéim é, chuir sé ar bhinn an Teampaill é agus dúirt leis: “Más tú Mac Dé, caith tú féin as seo síos; óir tá scríofa: ‘Tabharfaidh sé ordú dá aingil mar gheall ort, chun go ngardálfaidís tú’; agus: ‘Iompróidh siad ina lámha tú, le heagla go mbuailfeá do chos faoi chloch.’” Dúirt Íosa leis á fhreagairt: “Tá ráite: ‘Ní bhainfidh tú triail as an Tiarna do Dhia.’”

Agus tar éis don diabhal é a phromhadh i ngach slí, d’fhág sé é nó go dtiocfadh an uain.

© An Sagart
Sunday's Readings
Second Sunday of Lent Yr C St Peter Damain is not celebrated this year
First Reading                      Genesis 15:5-12. 17-18
The Lord made a Covenant with Abram, the man of faith.

Taking Abram outside he said, 'Look up to heaven and count the stars if you can. Such will be your descendants' he told him. Abram put his faith in the Lord, who counted this as making him justified.

'I am the Lord he said to him 'who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldaeans to make you heir to this land.' 'My Lord the Lord,' Abram replied 'how am I to know that I shall inherit it?' He said to him, 'Get me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove and a young pigeon.' He brought him all these, cut them in half and put half on one side and half facing it on the other; but the birds he did not cut in half. Birds of prey came down on the carcases but Abram drove them off.

Now as the sun was setting Abram fell into a deep sleep, and terror seized him. When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, there appeared a smoking furnace and a firebrand that went between the halves. That day the Lord made a Covenant with Abram in these terms:

'To your descendants I give this land,  from the wadi of Egypt to the Great River.

Responsorial Psalm:          Ps 26
Response :                          The Lord is my light and my help.

1. The Lord is my light and my help;
whom shall I fear?
The Lord is the stronghold of my life;
before whom shall I shrink?     Response

2. O Lord, hear my voice when I call;
have mercy and answer.
Of you my heart has spoken:
'Seek his face.'                          Response

3. It is your face, 0 Lord, that I seek;
hide not your face.
Dismiss not your servant in anger;
you have been my help.           Response

4. I am sure I shall see the Lord's goodness
in the land of the living.
Hope in him, hold firm and take heart.
Hope in the Lord!                    Response

Second Reading                  Philippians 3:17- 4:1
Christ will transfigure these bodies of ours into copies of his glorious body.

My brothers, be united in following my rule of life. Take as your models everybody who is already doing this and study them as you used to study us. I have told you often, and I repeat it today with tears, there are many who are behaving as the enemies of the cross of Christ. They are destined to be lost. They make foods into their god and they are proudest of something they ought to think shameful; the things they think important are earthly things. For us, our homeland is in heaven, and from heaven comes the saviour we are waiting for, the Lord Jesus Christ, and he will transfigure these wretched bodies of ours into copies of his glorious body. He will do that by the same power with which he can subdue the whole universe.

So then, my brothers and dear friends, do not give way but remain faithful in the Lord. I miss you very much, dear friends; you are my joy and my crown

Gospel  Acclamation           Mt 17:5

Glory and praise to you, O Christ !
From the bright cloud the Father's voice was heard
'This is my Son, the Beloved. Listen to him.'
Glory and praise to you, O Christ !

Gospel                               Luke 9:28-36
 As Jesus prayed, the aspect of his face was changed.

Jesus took with him Peter and John and James and went up the mountain to pray. As he prayed, the aspect of his face was changed and his clothing became brilliant as lightning. Suddenly there were two men there talking to him; they were Moses and Elijah appearing in glory, and they were speaking of his passing which he was to accomplish in Jerusalem. Peter and his companions were heavy with sleep, but they kept awake and saw his glory and the two men standing with him. As these were leaving him, Peter said to Jesus, 'Master, it is wonderful for us to be here; so let us make three tents, one for you, one for Moses and one for Elijah'. - He did not know what he was saying. As he spoke, a cloud came and covered them with shadow; and when they went into the cloud the disciples were afraid. And a voice came from the cloud saying, 'This is my Son, the Chosen One. Listen to him.' And after the voice had spoken, Jesus was found alone. The disciples kept silence and, at that time, told no one what they had seen.

Taken from THE JERUSALEM BIBLE, published and copyright 1966, 1967 and 1968 by Darton, Longman and Todd Ltd and Doubleday, a division of Random House Inc, and used by permission of the publishers.
AN CHÉAD LÉACHT:          Genesis 15:5-12. 17-18
Rinne an Tiarna Conradh le hAbrám an lá sin á rá

Thug an Tiarna Abrám leis amach é agus dúirt: “Féach suas ar an spéir agus comhair na réaltaí más féidir leat iad a áireamh. Mar sin,” ar sé ansin, “a bheidh do shíol. Agus chreid seisean an Tiarna agus mheas an Tiarna é sin mar fhíréantacht aige.

“Mise an Tiarna,” ar sé leis, “a thug tú amach as Úr na gCaildéach, chun go dtabharfainn an tír seo duit mar oidhreacht.” “A Thiarna Dia liom,” ar sé, “cá bhfios dom go mbeidh sé mar oidhreacht agam?” “Tabhair dom,” ar sé, “bearach trí bliana, minseach trí bliana, reithe trí bliana, colúr, agus colm óg.” Thug sé iadsan go léir chuige; ghearr sé ina dhá leath gach ceann acu agus chuir sé leath ar thaobh agus leath ar an taobh eile os a chomhair sall, ach nár ghearr sé na héin. Nuair a bhíodh éanlaith chreiche ag teacht anuas ar na conablaigh, chuireadh Abrám an ruaig orthu. Le luí na gréine thit tromchodladh ar Abrám agus bhuail scéin é. Tar éis don ghrian dul faoi dá bhrí sin agus gur thit an dorchadas, chonacthas foirnéis dheataigh tine agus lóchrann ar lasadh ag gabháil idir na codanna roinnte úd. Rinne an Tiarna Conradh le hAbrám an lá sin á rá.
“Tabharfaidh mé do do shliocht an dúiche seo
ó Abhainn na hÉigipte go dtí an Abhainn Mhór.
Freagra :                          Is é an Tiarna mo sholas is mo shlánú.

1. Is é an Tiarna mo sholas is mo shlánú.
cé a chuirfidh eagla orm?
Is é an Tiarna dúnáras mo bheatha;
cé a chuirfidh ar crith mé?                                Freagra

2. A Thiarna, éist le mo ghuth nuair a screadaim ort;
déan trócaire orm is freagair mé.
Deir mo chroí fútsa:
'Cuardaigh a ghnúis.'                                           Freagra

3. A Thiarna, táim ag cuardach do ghnúise;
ná folaigh orm do ghnúis.
Ná cuir do sheirbhíseach uait go feargach;
is tú mo chunamh: ná cuir an ruaig orm.        Freagra

4. Creidim go bhfeicfidh mé maitheas an Tiarna
i dtír na mbeo.
Fan leis an Tiarna; bí cróga;
bíodh do chroí go tréan is fan leis an Tiarna. Freagra

DARA LÉACT:               Filipigh 3:17-4:1
Déanfaidh Críost an corp uiríseal seo againn a athmhúnlú ar aon dul lena chor glórmhar féin

A bhráithre, déanaigí aithris ormsa le chéile. Bígí ag faire ar na daoine a dhéanann d e réir an tsampla a thugaimid daoibh. Is minic ráite agam cheana libh – agus deirim lib anois é go deorach – go bhfuil mórán ag imeacht ina naimhde do chros Chríost  Is é mbascadh is dán dóibh sin; níl de Dhia acu ach a mbolg agus iad bródúil as a gcui mínáire agus gan ach nithe saolta ina gceann acu  Ar neamh atá ár mbaile dúchai againne, áfach, agus is ó neamh atáimid ag súil lenar bhfuasclóir a theacht, an Tiarna Íos Críost  Déanfaidh seisean an corp uiríseal seo againn a athmhúnlú ar aon dul lena chor glórmhar féin – as ucht na cumhachta lena bhféadann sé gach uile ní a thabhairt faoin smacht.

Dá bhrí sin, a bhráithre ionúine na pairte, ós sibhse m’aoibhneas agus mo chuid den saol, seasaigí go daingean sa Tiarna, a chairde cléibh.

Véarsa                           Mth 17:5

Cloiseadh glór an Athar as an scamall solasmhar:
'Is é seo mo Mhac muirneach dár thug mé gnaoi: éistigí leis.'

SOISCÉAL:                 Lúcás 9:28-36
Agus sa ghuí do Íosa, tháinig athrach cló ar a ghnúis.

San am sin rug Íosa Peadar agus Eoin agus Séamas agus chuaigh an sliabh suas chun guí. Agus sa ghuí dó, tháinig athrach cló ar a ghnúis agus d’éirigh a chuid éadaigh gléigeal lonrach. Agus bhí beirt fhear ag agallamh leis –  b’iad Maois agus Éilias iad –     agus chonacthas i nglóir iad ag caint faoina imeacht as an saol, rud a bhí le tabhairt chun críche aige in Iarúsailéim. Bhí Peadar agus a chompánaigh trom le codladh, ach d’fhan siad ina ndúiseacht agus chonaic siad a ghlóir  agus an bheirt a bhí ansiúd in éineacht leis. Agus ansin, le linn dóibh seo bheith ag scaradh leis, dúirt Peadar le Íosa: “A Mháistir, is maith mar a tharla anseo sinn: déanaimis trí bhoth, ceann duit féin, ceann do Mhaois agus ceann d’Éilias” – agus gan a fhios aige cad a bhí sé a rá.  Ach nuair a bhí sé ag rá an méid sin, tháinig scamall, agus bhí sé ina scáil anuas orthu, agus bhí uamhan orthu nuair a d’imigh siad siúd isteach sa scamall.  Agus tháinig glór as an scamall ag rá: “Is é seo mo Mhac, an té is togha liom; éistigí  leis!” Agus le macalla an ghlóir, fuarthas Íosa ina aonar. Ach d’fhan na deisceabail ina dtost agus níor inis siad d’aon duine sna laethanta sin aon ní dá raibh feicthe acu.

© An Sagart